THE MASON-DIXON LINE was initially surveyed in 1763 to resolve land disputes among the colonies. At that time, territorial land grants by English royalty had conflicting descriptions, so eventually markers had to be established on the ground to clarify the boundary disputes. Surveyors Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon surveyed a line that identified the borders between Maryland, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and West Virginia colonies.
The original survey began in Philadelphia and followed the 39°43′ N parallel before turning south to bisect the Delmarva Peninsula to complete the Maryland-Delaware boundary. The course was marked every mile by a stone monument, and every five miles a distinctive crownstone was set that was carved with the coats-of-arms of each colony.
Today the line marks the borders of four states while serving as a cultural boundary between the Northern and Southern States. After Pennsylvania abolished slavery in 1780, the Mason-Dixon Line gained notoriety as marking the separation of the free states from the slave states -- a demarcation that sparked controversy that eventually led to the American Civil War.
The Mason–Dixon line has been resurveyed several times over the years as technical instruments became more precise. In 1963, during the bicentennial of the Mason–Dixon line President John Kennedy opened a new section of Interstate 95 where it crossed the Maryland–Delaware border. It was one of his last public appearances before his untimely assassination in Dallas. As a result, this section of the Delaware Turnpike has been renamed the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway.
So, as I cross the Maryland border today on I-95, I'm entering Dixie and the true south... "Howdy Y'all!"
Miles 3113, Week 37, Weather 91F🌤